Why Buy Hydrochloric Acid (General Use) Online from ReAgent Chemicals?
ReAgent supply hydrochloric acid for general use in 2.5L and 25L containers, as well as 1,000L IBC. Discounts are available for bulk orders above 4 items. We also offer further options, such as bespoke blending and specific pack sizes. Simply contact us for more details or free technical advice.
History of Hydrochloric Acid
The first references to hydrochloric acid come from the 13th century, in works describing the use of aqua regia as a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acid. This solution was prepared by mixing sal ammoniac in nitric acid.
A pure solution of hydrochloric acid, however, wasn’t available until the 15th or 16th century, but historians cannot agree who first discovered it. Some say it was Libavus, by heating salt; while others believe it was Benedictine monk Basil Valentine, by mixing salt and vitriol.
During the following centuries, many chemists started to use this acid in their work, including English chemists Joseph Priestly, who prepared pure hydrogen chloride in 1772, as well as Humphry Davy, who finally proved its chemical composition in 1808.
Large-Scale Production of Hydrochloric Acid
During the Industrial revolution, the production of HCl reached large-scale proportions. This was derived from a process to produce sodium carbonate (NaCO3, soda ash) which involved common salt mixed with sulphuric acid, limestone and coal.
This reaction released hydrogen chloride gases as a by-product, which was simply dumped into the atmosphere.
However, environmental concerns led to new legislation written in 1863, forcing all manufacturing plants to absorb this by-product in water, producing unprecedented amounts of hydrochloric acid.
This process was eventually replaced by a hydrochloric acid-free method, but in the meantime, this compound had become a vital chemical in many different industries and continued being produced in large amounts.
Are you a regular customer? If so, would you like to open a credit account with us to make your future orders easier? You can contact our sales team and they will assist you in getting this set-up. You can do this by sending us an enquiry online or calling on 0800 990 3258. Please note we can only supply registered UK business.
1.18 Specific Gravity
Maximum Limits of Impurities
Hazard Statement Code
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
May be corrosive to metals.
May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statement Code
Do not breathe vapour/ spray.
Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
Dispose of contents/ container in accordance with local regulations.
Hydrochloric acid(HCL) is a clear, colourless and pungent solution created by dissolving hydrogen chloride gas in water. It is a by-product of chlorine manufacture, along with sodium hypochlorite and sodium hydroxide.
Uses for Hydrochloric Acid
A highly corrosive mineral acid, hydrochloric acid has many industry uses, making it known as a workhorse chemical. Its uses include:
In the production of different types of chlorides and metals
In the refinement of ore
As a pH regulator in pharmaceuticals and the food industry
In the creation of sugars, food additives and gelatin
In the removal of rust and scale during steel pickling
Hydrochloric acid is also used on small scale application such as leather processing, household cleaning and building construction. Other names for hydrochloric acid include muriatic acid, chlorohydric acid, marine acid and spirits of salt.
Hydrochloric Acid Hazards
Hydrochloric acid must be stored in a well-ventilated area away from non-compatible materials and solutions. Skin and eye contact must be avoided at all times; as well as ingestion and/or inhalation. This chemical will corrode metals, rubber and some plastics if allowed to come into contact with them. Please refer to our Material Safety Data sheet (MSDS) for full details on hydrochloric acid safety and storage.
Buy Hydrochloric Acid from Trusted UK Suppliers
As an experienced UK chemical manufacturer, ReAgent is able to provide hydrochloric acid in various strengths and grades. Shop online where we have dilute and concentrated hydrochloric acid solutions for sale. Our pack sizes also range from a few hundred millilitres up to 1000L IBCs (Intermediate Bulk containers).
If what you require is not listed in our catalogue, please get in touch and well be happy to provide you with prices and technical advice.