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What Do % V/V, % W/W and % W/V Mean?

When buying chemical products online, you will notice that the concentrations are either marked as v/v, w/w or w/v. These are common expressions, so what do they mean exactly? % V/V Volume concentration of a solution is expressed as % v/v, which stands for volume per volume. This is used when both chemicals in a solution are liquid. For example, when [...]

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What is Oxidation?

In a recent blog post, we looked at how the oxidation of primary alcohols into carboxylic acids is the process used when converting ethanol into ethanoic acid. But what is oxidation exactly? Oxidation is one of the key types of chemical reactions. It is seen everywhere, from the roar of your fire to the rust on your bike. Ostensibly, oxidation [...]

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How is Ethanol Converted into Ethanoic Acid?

Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is the primary alcohol that is used in alcoholic drinks and denatured alcohol. Among its many applications, it is used to form ethanoic acid which is most popularly found in a kitchen essential: vinegar. What is Ethanoic Acid? Ethanoic acid (CH3COOH), also known as acetic acid, is the most typical example of a carboxylic acid. A versatile chemical recognised [...]

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Can I Use Isopropyl Alcohol Instead of Denatured Alcohol?

Isopropyl alcohol and denatured alcohol both have a variety of applications in a range of industries. But what is the difference between these alcohols, and is it safe to use them interchangeably? In chemistry, alcohols are organic compounds where the hydroxyl group (-OH) is attached to a carbon atom. Alcohol comes in many different structures and forms, but today we [...]

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