Chloroform (CHCl3) This is our most popular Chloroform (CHCl3) - Chloroform (General Use)
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Why Buy Chloroform (CHCl3) Online from UK Chemical Suppliers, ReAgent Chemicals?
We supply chloroform in 2.5L and 25L containers, as well as 200L drums for large orders. There are discounts available for bulk orders over 4 items with some of the options, but please note this is restricted product and you need to contact us directly to place your order. All our products come with 100% quality guarantee and are usually shipped within 24 hours after purchase.
With the formula CHCl3, chloroform is a colourless, dense solution with an easily recognisable sweet smell. From a chemical point of view, it’s considered a trihalomethane, with multiple laboratory and industrial uses.
How is it produced?
This compound can be synthesised using several different routes:
Historical method: In 1831, chloroform was first prepared by chemist Eugene Souberain, by mixing acetone and ethanol, in the presence of calcium hypochlorite (bleach).
Industrial methods: Nowadays, the process of chloroform production involves a mixture of chlorine (Cl2) and methane (CH4) at high temperatures. This is a progressive reaction, in which precursors become more and more chlorinated in each step. The result is a mixture of four chloromethanes – CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, CCl4 – which are further separated by distillation.
Cl2 + CH4 → CH3Cl + HCl
Cl2 + CH3Cl → CH2Cl2 + HCl
Cl2 + CH2Cl2 → CHCl3 + HCl
Cl2 + CHCl3 → CCl4 + HCl
Inadvertent formation of chloroform
Chloroform can inadvertently form by mixing bleach and acetone or ethanol (in fact it was the first reaction used to produce this compound, see above). Many halogenated by-products can form in this reaction, including chloroform. For this reason, it is common to see recommendations in both products warning against such mixture.
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